The Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC)

The Profile of Emotional Competence is the product of more than 10 years of emotional intelligence research. It was developed by Brasseur and Mikolajczak in order to measure intra-personal EI and inter-personal EI separately. It assessed the five core emotional competences (identification, understanding, expression, regulation and use of emotions) distinctly for one’s emotions and others’ emotions. It has been validated in several studies on a total of nearly 22,000 subjects.

CREIO Statement

Many tests that promise to measure emotional intelligence have appeared in recent years.  Some of these tests seem promising, but many have not been empirically evaluated.  As a service to our visitors, we have reviewed many of these tests and selected those for which there is a substantial body of research (at least five published journal articles or book chapters that provide empirical data based on the test).  However, inclusion of a test on this web site does not constitute an endorsement of that test by CREIO.

The PEC is available, free of charge, for research and clinical purposes. Users are invited to get familiar with emotional intelligence and emotional competence theory and research in order to be able to interpret the results accurately. The PEC is only suitable as a research/development tool ; it cannot be used for hiring or compensation decisions.

Basic Information
Forms: full PEC (50 items) and short form (20 items). See below for more information on the subscales/scores provided by these two forms.
Administration: Self-report
Administration Time: 10-15 min for the 50-item form and 5-10 minutes for the short version.
Qualification needed to administer the test: Psychologist familiar with the Emotional intelligence and Emotional Competence research and theory.
Additional Information: The Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC) can be downloaded from here. The validation article can be downloaded here.

Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC) – Subscales and scores

The full (50-item) PEC comprises 10 subscales forming 2 factors (intra- and inter-personal EC) and 1 global EI score:





Identify my emotions

Identify others’ emotions


Understand my emotions

Understand others’ emotions


Express my emotions

Listen to others’ emotions


Regulate my emotions

Regulate others’ emotions


Use my emotions

Use others’ emotions


Intrapersonal EI

Interpersonal EI


Global EI

The short version is not intended to provide the subscales scores but only the factor scores (intra- and inter-personal EI) and the global score.

Validation paper: Brasseur, S., Grégoire, J., Bourdu, R. & Mikolajczak, M. (2013). The Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC): Development and validation of a measure that fits dimensions of Emotional Competence theory. PLoS ONE, 8(5): e62635. (download it here).

Translations: Translations of the English PEC are available in French (validated), Dutch (validated), Japanese (validated), Polish (validation in progress), Romanian (validation in progress), Spanish (validation in progress), Basque (validation in progress), Portuguese (validation in progress). Collaborations are welcome in all other languages.

Sample references in which the PEC was used:
Mikolajczak, M., Avalosse, H., Vancorenland, S., Verniest, R. Callens, M. van Broeck, N. Fantini-Hauwel, C. & Mierop, A. (2015). A Nationally Representative Study of Emotional Competence and Health. Article in press at Emotion.

Nozaki, Y. & Koyasu, M. (2015). Emotionally competent individuals relieve ostracized individuals' negative emotions. Article in press at Emotion

Nozaki, Y. & Koyasu, M. (2015). Can we apply an emotional competence measure to an eastern population? Psychometric properties of the Profile of Emotional Competence in a Japanese population. Article in press at Assessment.

Fantini-Hauwel, C. & Mikolajczak, M. (2014) Factor structure, evolution and predictive power of emotional competencies on physical and emotional health in the elderly. Journal of Aging and Health, 26, 993-114.

Brasseur, S., Grégoire, J., Bourdu, R. & Mikolajczak, M. (2013). The Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC): Development and validation of a measure that fits dimensions of Emotional Competence theory. PLoS ONE, 8(5): e62635.







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