Definitions and Critiques of Emotional Intelligence
UPDATED APRIL 2015

Antonakis, J., & Dietz, J. (2010). Emotional intelligence: On definitions, neuroscience, and marshmallows. [Comment/Reply]. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 3(2), 165-170. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9434.2010.01219.x

Ashkanasy, N. M., & Daus, C. S. (2005). Rumors of the death of emotional intelligence in organizational behavior are vastly exaggerated. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26(4), 441-452. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/job.320

Austin, E. J., & Saklofske, D. H. (2014). Introduction to the special issue on emotional intelligence. [Editorial]. Personality and Individual Differences, 65, 1-2. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.02.006

Bar-On, R. (2006). The Bar-On model of emotional-social intelligence (ESI). Psicothema, 18(Suppl), 13-25.

Bar-On, R. (2010). Emotional intelligence: An integral part of positive psychology. South African Journal of Psychology, 40(1), 54-62.

Boyatzis, R. E. (2008). Competencies in the 21st century. [Editorial]. Journal of Management Development, 27(1), 5-12. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02621710810840730

Boyatzis, R. E. (2009). Competencies as a behavioral approach to emotional intelligence. [Editorial]. Journal of Management Development, 28(9), 749-770. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02621710910987647

Brackett, M. A., Rivers, S. E., & Salovey, P. (2011). Emotional intelligence: Implications for personal, social, academic, and workplace success. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 5(1), 88-103. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9004.2010.00334.x

Cherniss, C. (2010). Emotional intelligence: New insights and further clarifications. [Comment/Reply]. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 3(2), 183-191. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9434.2010.01222.x

Cherniss, C. (2010). Emotional intelligence: Toward clarification of a concept. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 3(2), 110-126. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9434.2010.01231.x

Cherniss, G., Extein, M., Goleman, D., & Weissberg, R. P. (2006). Emotional Intelligence: What does the Research Really Indicate? [Comment/Reply]. Educational Psychologist, 41(4), 239-245. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15326985ep4104_4

Cote, S. (2010). Taking the "intelligence" in emotional intelligence seriously. [Comment/Reply]. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 3(2), 127-130. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9434.2010.01211.x

Daus, C. S., & Ashkanasy, N. M. (2005). The case for the ability-based model of emotional intelligence in organizational behavior. [Comment/Reply]. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26(4), 453-466. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/job.321

Davies, M., Stankov, L., & Roberts, R. D. (1998). Emotional intelligence: In search of an elusive construct. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75(4), 989-1015. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.75.4.989

Dulewicz, V., & Higgs, M. (2000). Emotional intelligence: A review and evaluation study. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 15(4), 341-372. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02683940010330993

Emmerling, R. J., & Boyatzis, R. E. (2012). Emotional and social intelligence competencies: Cross cultural implications. Cross Cultural Management, 19(1), 4-18. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13527601211195592

Fambrough, M. J., & Hart, R. K. (2008). Emotions in leadership development: A critique of emotional intelligence. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 10(5), 740-758. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1523422308323542

Fineman, S. (2004). Getting the measure of emotion--And the cautionary tale of emotional intelligence. Human Relations, 57(6), 719-740. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0018726704044953

Fredrickson, B. L. (2001). The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. American Psychologist, 56(3), 218-226. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.56.3.218

Gignac, G. E. (2010). On a nomenclature for emotional intelligence research. [Comment/Reply]. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 3(2), 131-135. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9434.2010.01212.x

Gohm, C. L. (2004). Moving forward with emotional intelligence. [Comment/Reply]. Psychological Inquiry, 15(3), 222-227.

Harms, P., & Crede, M. (2010). Remaining issues in emotional intelligence research: Construct overlap, method artifacts, and lack of incremental validity. [Comment/Reply]. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 3(2), 154-158. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9434.2010.01217.x

Jordan, P. J., Dasborough, M. T., Daus, C. S., & Ashkanasy, N. M. (2010). A call to context. [Comment/Reply]. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 3(2), 145-148. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9434.2010.01215.x

Joseph, D. L., & Newman, D. A. (2010). Emotional intelligence: An integrative meta-analysis and cascading model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95(1), 54-78. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0017286

Kaplan, S., Cortina, J., & Ruark, G. A. (2010). Oops...We did it again: Industrial-organizational's focus on emotional intelligence instead of on its relationships to work outcomes. [Comment/Reply]. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 3(2), 171-177. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9434.2010.01220.x

Kong, D. T. (2014). Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT/MEIS) and overall, verbal, and nonverbal intelligence: Meta-analytic evidence and critical contingencies. Personality and Individual Differences, 66, 171-175. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.03.028

Landy, F. J. (2005). Some historical and scientific issues related to research on emotional intelligence. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26(4), 411-424. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/job.317

Lindebaum, D., & Cartwright, S. (2011). Leadership effectiveness: The costs and benefits of being emotionally intelligent. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 32(3), 281-290. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/01437731111123924

Locke, E. A. (2005). Why emotional intelligence is an invalid concept. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26(4), 425-431. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/job.318

Maheshwari, S. (2012). Current research on emotional intelligence and assessment technique. Indian Journal of Community Psychology, 8(1), 172-182.

Matthews, G., Roberts, R. D., & Zeidner, M. (2004). Seven myths about emotional intelligence. Psychological Inquiry, 15(3), 179-196. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327965pli1503_01

Mayer, J. D., Caruso, D. R., & Salovey, P. (1999). Emotional intelligence meets traditional standards for an intelligence. Intelligence, 27(4), 267-298. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0160-2896%2899%2900016-1

Mayer, J. D., Roberts, R. D., & Barsade, S. G. (2008). Human abilities: Emotional intelligence. Annual Review of Psychology, 59, 507-536. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.59.103006.093646

Mayer, J. D., & Salovey, P. (1993). The intelligence of emotional intelligence. [Comment/Reply]. Intelligence, 17(4), 433-442. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0160-2896%2893%2990010-3

Mayer, J. D., & Salovey, P. (1995). Emotional intelligence and the construction and regulation of feelings. Applied & Preventive Psychology, 4(3), 197-208. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0962-1849%2805%2980058-7

Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D. R. (2004). Emotional intelligence: Theory, findings, and implications. Psychological Inquiry, 15(3), 197-215. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327965pli1503_02

Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D. R. (2004). A further consideration of the issues of emotional intelligence. Psychological Inquiry, 15(3), 249-255. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327965pli1503_05

Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D. R. (2008). Emotional intelligence: New ability or eclectic traits? American Psychologist, 63(6), 503-517. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.63.6.503

Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., Caruso, D. R., & Sitarenios, G. (2001). Emotional intelligence as a standard intelligence. [Comment/Reply]. Emotion, 1(3), 232-242. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1528-3542.1.3.232

McCleskey, J. (2014). Emotional intelligence and leadership: A review of the progress, controversy, and criticism. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 22(1), 76-93. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJOA-03-2012-0568

McNaughton, N., & Zubairi, M. S. (2014). Emotional intelligence: Convinced or lulled? [Comment/Reply]. Medical Education, 48(5), 456-458. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/medu.12455

Meyer, B., & Fletcher, T. B. (2007). Emotional intelligence: A theoretical overview and implications for research and professional practice in sport psychology. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 19(1), 1-15. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10413200601102904

Mikolajczak, M. (2009). Going beyond the ability-trait debate: The three-level model of emotional intelligence. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 5(2), 25-31.

Nagler, U. K., Reiter, K. J., Furtner, M. R., & Rauthmann, J. F. (2014). Is there a "dark intelligence"? Emotional intelligence is used by dark personalities to emotionally manipulate others. Personality and Individual Differences, 65, 47-52.

Oatley, K. (2004). Emotional intelligence and the intelligence of emotions. [Comment/Reply]. Psychological Inquiry, 15(3), 216-221. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327965pli1503_03

O'Connor, P. J., & Athota, V. S. (2013). The intervening role of agreeableness in the relationship between trait emotional intelligence and machiavellianism: Reassessing the potential dark side of ei. Personality and Individual Differences Jul(Pagination), No Pagination Specified. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2013.06.006

Ogle, J. A., & Bushnell, J. A. (2014). The appeal of emotional intelligence. [Comment/Reply]. Medical Education, 48(5), 458-460. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/medu.12433

Opengart, R. (2005). Emotional Intelligence and Emotion Work: Examining Constructs From an Interdisciplinary Framework. Human Resource Development Review, 4(1), 49-62. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1534484304273817

Petrides, K. (2010). Trait emotional intelligence theory. [Comment/Reply]. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 3(2), 136-139. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9434.2010.01213.x

Petrides, K., Pita, R., & Kokkinaki, F. (2007). The location of trait emotional intelligence in personality factor space. British Journal of Psychology, 98(2), 273-289. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/000712606X120618

Riggio, R. E. (2010). Before emotional intelligence: Research on nonverbal, emotional, and social competencies. [Comment/Reply]. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 3(2), 178-182. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9434.2010.01221.x

Roberts, R. D., MacCann, C., Matthews, G., & Zeidner, M. (2010). Emotional intelligence: Toward a consensus of models and measures. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 4(10), 821-840. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9004.2010.00277.x

Roberts, R. D., Matthews, G., & Zeidner, M. (2010). Emotional intelligence: Muddling through theory and measurement. [Comment/Reply]. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 3(2), 140-144. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9434.2010.01214.x

Roberts, R. D., Zeidner, M., & Matthews, G. (2001). Does emotional intelligence meet traditional standards for an intelligence? Some new data and conclusions. Emotion, 1(3), 196-231. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1528-3542.1.3.196

Salovey, P., & Mayer, J. D. (1989). Emotional intelligence. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 9(3), 185-211.

Schaie, K. (2001). Emotional intelligence: Psychometric status and developmental characteristics--Comment on Roberts, Zeidner, and Matthews (2001). [Comment/Reply]. Emotion, 1(3), 243-248. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1528-3542.1.3.243

Shulman, T. E., & Hemenover, S. H. (2006). Is Dispositional Emotional Intelligence Synonymous with Personality? Self and Identity, 5(2), 147-171. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15298860600586206

Spector, P. E. (2005). Introduction: Emotional intelligence. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26(4), 409-410. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/job.316

van der Zee, K., & Wabeke, R. (2004). Is Trait-Emotional Intelligence Simply or More Than Just a Trait? European Journal of Personality, 18(4), 243-263. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/per.517

Van Rooy, D. L., & Viswesvaran, C. (2004). Emotional intelligence: A meta-analytic investigation of predictive validity and nomological net. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 65(1), 71-95. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0001-8791%2803%2900076-9

Van Rooy, D. L., Viswesvaran, C., & Pluta, P. (2005). An Evaluation of Construct Validity: What Is This Thing Called Emotional Intelligence? Human Performance, 18(4), 445-462. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327043hup1804_9

Van Rooy, D. L., Whitman, D. S., & Viswesvaran, C. (2010). Emotional intelligence: Additional questions still unanswered. [Comment/Reply]. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 3(2), 149-153. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9434.2010.01216.x

Walter, F., Cole, M. S., & Humphrey, R. H. (2011). Emotional intelligence: Sine qua non of leadership or folderol. The Academy of Management Perspectives, 25(1), 45-59. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/AMP.2011.59198449

Warwick, J., & Nettelbeck, T. (2004). Emotional intelligence is...? Personality and Individual Differences, 37(5), 1091-1100. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2003.12.003

Zeidner, M., Matthews, G.,& Roberts, R. D. (2001). Slow down, you move too fast: Emotional intelligence remains an "elusive" intelligence. [Comment/Reply]. Emotion, 1(3), 265-275. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1528-3542.1.3.265

Zeidner, M., Matthews, G.,& Roberts, R. D. (2004). Emotional Intelligence in the Workplace: A Critical Review. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 53(3), 371-399. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2004.00176.x

Zeidner, M., Roberts, R. D.,& Matthews, G. (2004). The emotional intelligence bandwagon: Too fast to live, too young to die? [Comment/Reply]. Psychological Inquiry, 15(3), 239-248. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327965pli1503_04

Zeidner, M., Roberts, R. D.,& Matthews, G. (2008). The science of emotional intelligence: Current consensus and controversies. European Psychologist, 13(1), 64-78. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1027/1016-9040.13.1.64

 

 

 

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